Food Review Indonesia – 02

February 25th, 2017 | Food Processing Engineering, IPB | No comments

Faktor Kerusakan Produk Bakeri & Pengendaliannya

FRI-Web-Faktor Kerusakan Produk Bakeri & Pengendaliannya

Dalam beberapa dekade terakhir, industri rerotian atau bakeri, baik dalam skala besar maupun kecil, selalu mengalami kenaikan pertumbuhan. Kenaikan pertumbuhan
ini tentunya sejalan dengan keinginan konsumen akan produk bakeri yang segar, bergizi, dikemas dengan baik, dan bersifat stabil selama penyimpanapenyimpanan sehingga aman untuk dikonsumsi.

Secara umum, produk bakeri atau rerotian dapat dibagi menjadi: (i) produk yang
tidak dimaniskan atau unsweetened goods seperti muffin, roti bagel
dan jenis roti lainnya tanpa penambahan gula, (ii) produk yang diberi penambahan gula atau sweetened goods seperti donat, kue dadar, kukis, dan (iii) produk yang diisi atau filled goods seperti pastries, sandwiches, pizza. Sama
halnya dengan produk pangan olahan lainnya, produk rerotian juga rentan terhadap penurunan mutu yang dapat diakibatkan oleh faktor fisik, kimia maupun mikrobiologis.

Dr-Ing. Azis Boing Sitanggang, STP, MSc, Dosen Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan dan Peneliti SEAFAST Center, Institut Pertanian Bogor mengulas tentang faktor-faktor kerusakan produk bakeri beserta cara pengendaliannya. Selengkapnya di FOODREVIEW INDONESIA di www.foodreview.co.id atau pustakapangan.com


Food Review Indonesia – 01

February 25th, 2017 | Food Processing Engineering, IPB | No comments

Tepung Komposit: Alternatif Produk Bakeri

36_GRACE_FRI_WEB_DES_TEPUNG-KOMPOSIT-SEBAGAI-ALTERNATIF-KOMPONEN-UTAMA-PRODUK-BAKERI

Industri bakeri memiliki prospek yang cukup besar dan terus mengalami pertumbuhan. Pada 2011 pertumbuhan total industri ini mencapai 7-10% dengan nilai omzet sebesar Rp14 triliun. Sementara di tahun 2014, pertumbuhannya semakin meningkat mencapai 15% dengan total omzet mencapai Rp20 triliun, berdasarkan data dari Asosiasi Pengusaha Bakery Indonesia (APEBI). Industri bakeri umumnya memiliki bahan baku tepung terigu. Tanaman gandum sebagai sumber tepung terigu, secara agroekologi kurang cocok ditanam di Indonesia. Hampir 100% biji gandum, diimpor dari negara asing, seperti Australia, Kanada, dan Amerika Serikat. Seiring dengan peningkatan pertumbuhan industri bakeri, jumlah dan nilai impor terigu juga mengalami kenaikan.

Dr. -Ing. Azis Boing Sitanggang STP, MSc akan mengupas mengenai tepung komposit sebagai alternatif dalam pembuatan bakeri.

Informasi lebih lanjut dapat dilihat pada FOODREVIEW INDONESIA Vol XII, No 12, 2016 edisi “Trendy Bakery” di www.foodreview.co.id atau pustakapangan.com


Writing a scientific paper??, It’s a must!!

April 19th, 2013 | Food Processing Engineering, IPB | No comments

Some people or academicians might have said, “why bother with publications, as long as we do deeply understand about our scientific areas, It is more than enough”. To some extent, this statement is agreeable. However, for contributive scientific achievements, publication is a must. Just realize that our objective in research is to formulate and test hypotheses, to draw a conclusions from these tests, and to teach these conclusions to readerships. Our objective is not to “collect data”.

Besides for self-recognisition, publication has reached the era of a scientific way of life for those who are eager for the advance of sciences and knowledge. Therefore, there is a significant number of publishers nowdays found. However, it is easier said than done. For a paper to be published, steps have to be surpassed. Preparing a manusccript is one of the bottlenecks for publication itself. Cited as an example, many of those manuscripts rejected due to insufficient writing style according to the journal’s guidelines. To cope that, I disclose a very practical essay as a rule of thumbs on preparing a manuscript.

Whitesides – 2004 – Whitesides’ Group Writing a Paper-annotated

 

 

 

 


Where are we now (Indonesia)?

March 10th, 2013 | Between Thoughts and Keyboards | No comments

Either as the 4th highest population or developing country, Indonesia certainly has a great number of severe issues. Some of them are rational and others are quizzical or even inexplicably. Considering the age of Indonesia since its independence, it should have cruised along with South Korean, Singapore and Malaysia. It is, however, a fact that Indonesia is “clamped” by its own leaders, keeping the political issues as the main topics and furthermore thoroughly incorporated to assorted sectors which are grueling for society. It seems that Indonesia is being besieged by a number of people who do “speak” for the better future of it. Moreover, the tag__’Democracy for People Prosperity’ ironically fades away as the election is done. As a consequence, people of Indonesia encounter nearly insignificant changes though it has been almost 15 years since reformation declared in governmental structures.

As classified to 109th out of 179 countries in the Human Development Index (HDI), Indonesia has only slightly increased at HDI level (~10%) since 1995 to 2006 (FAO, 2009). Hence, despite a remarkable recovery since the 1998 economic crisis, Indonesia is still having problems specifically on poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition indicated by 27% of national poverty prevalence and the moderate level of undernourished up to 13% in 2005-2007 (FAO, 2011). The gap of economic status climbs highly which eventually fructifies multi-social conflicts, such as increased crimes (e.g., for the past three years a number of bank robberies with guns reported), intolerance between different religions, terrorism, low level of educated people, etc.

People’s Interest, People’s Trust and Public Enemies

To my best knowledge, there should be a question rises in society about obscurity of what Indonesia will achieve in the future by recalling what it does have at the moment. I speculate and try to transcribe that at least government has to take into account these three matters: (i) People’s Interest, (ii) People’s Trust and (iii) Public Enemies; that they are related one-another. People of Indonesia interested in a much better future! It obviously means stable economic status, that each family could live in better environmental conditions, physically and psychology. Highlighting on economic condition, one of the most significant current discussions in the society is the balance between import and export value of Indonesia, including (i) merchandise trade and (ii) trade of commercial services. In 2011, according to the data of World Trade Organization (WTO), Indonesia’s export-import ratio of the total merchandise and commercial services was the fourth among ASEAN countries, having value of approximately 1.05, whereas our neighbor, Malaysia (as the 3rd rank) could make the ratio up to 1.16. Singapore and Thailand possessed the first and the second position respectively. By stating the number, Indonesia’s import value was about 176881.1 million US dollars (contributing 1% of share in world total imports). Interestingly, import value of agricultural products listed in the 3rd rank, of 13%. It is inevitably confusing, that is an agriculture-based country has to face such contradiction. Insofar history, Indonesia has ever declared its own food-security in terms of rice supplies in 1986. Therefore, by underlining the “tremendous” programs what so-called Five Year Development Plans and Long-term Development Plans in the era of the 2nd president, Indonesia should shed further insights on agricultural sectors as its economic basis. However, agricultural sectors seem to escape from government’s focuses from period-to-period. Both policies and commitment on agricultural sectors are made up to just temporarily indulge, but not to solve, develop or even to advance them. Government tends to take curative actions instead of preventive ones. Government presumably prefers to support project-based-products in agricultural sectors instead of project-based-sciences. Cited as an example, making different colors of ice cream (refers to project-based-products), without thinking about the technique of how to make different crystal structures for the soft texture of ice cream (refers to project-based-sciences). Hence, at technological aspects of agriculture Indonesia-by-government is “satisfied” at the level of user. However, if we truly consider regarding research and development on agricultural sectors, many public (Bogor Agricultural University, Gadjah Mada University, Brawijaya University, University of North Sumatera, etc.) and private universities provide the specified programs on agriculture in order to continuously shape and produce capable human resources besides advancing the related knowledge and technologies. Supposedly, sciences and technologies could be altered progressively in universities as positive charge for the government to plan (making policies), implement, and furthermore to improve these sectors; if only government has thought about it and boldly has had strong commitment.

The second topic could be the most interesting one and strongly relates to the third one. In the era of the 5th president of Indonesia, Corruption Eradication Commission (CEC) was set up based on the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 30 Year 2002. The idea of providing this commission was as a rapid response of government concerning corruption crime that has become a serious problem in all aspects of public government and has relinquished many disadvantages for the country.

 “Design of a process__whatever it is, fundamentally determines how it will respond dynamically and how it could be firmly controlled, which consecutively means that consideration of controllability is the main parameter for both comfort and satisfaction of the design itself”

Frankly, people of Indonesia may perceive all of governmental cases as “by-design” scenarios. They are schemed like movies where the “authors” could control from the “back stage”. This controllability must be broken, that is by the work of CEC. Now days, as the 2nd united cabinet of the present president and House of Representatives formed by multi-parties, corruption tends to occur as each party needs high and higher budget to support its own activities in order to have “portion (again)” in the next period of regime. Since society knows clearly how corrupted this government, the only alternative that could recover people’s trust is through this commission. Therefore, people of Indonesia should strongly support this commission in order to maintain clean governmental activities and eliminate the public enemies. It is worth mentioning that progress has been made, reflected by the end of 2011 this commission has recovered at least 15.6 billion US dollars of national budget. In summary, Indonesia hopes on the works of CEC to set proper and clean government and to finally gain back its people’s trust.

So, where are we now (Indonesia)? Is it 5 or 10 cm from the goal which our Founding Fathers have dreamt about, or are we just spinning around of the edge? I guess, we are just on the motion of tired watching the surmountable problems shown on television where “they” should have known the exact solutions.

References:

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). 2009. Human Development Index and poverty. FAO statistical year book. http://www.faostat.fao.org

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). 2011. Millennium Development Goal progress. FAO statistical year book http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-data/ess-fs/mdg/en/

*) Other data provided within the article is on-line at the official websites of WTO and FAO.


Broken Angel

November 19th, 2012 | Between Thoughts and Keyboards | No comments

Photo Credit: Christopher Wood (2005)

THINKING about the future, a simple question rises “will the world still be like it used to be, beautiful and marvelous?”. We are not at war, apparently NO, but deep inside YES with many devastations in the middle east. I don’t want to excrete my opinion herein by standing on one side. Despite of that, I just want to express my opinion on what will it be when there will be no standards, such as what we call human rights which ensure the people to live happily in peace with the kids grow up in a good circumstance without holding hand-bomb or whatsoever you call them by “machineries of war”.

My brothers and my sisters in the world, let’s make peace instead of war. Everything is being staked when we are at war. Let’s just end-up our ego, our pathetic dream in what we call it “in the name of something”. Look at yourself in the mirror, and I’ll look mine too. We just differ in our skin color, height, eyes, hair color and clothes. We’re totally similar inside. You have your own ambition in life, and so do I. Can we just live together with our own personalities without wounding our faith and our entities.

Imagine what would it be, if we are hunting each other in this endless world?. Nothing left just the debris of our sadness, stones and small pieces of buildings which act as witnesses of our pities. Stare at our future generations, what will they bring to continue this life, to pass along this humanity, to carry on what we call “genes” in our mortal bodies. Would you like to see them crawling when they used to fly; would you like to see them crying when they used to smile brightly; would you like to see scratches in their faces when they used to have soft skin.. Tell me my friends, brothers and sisters.. You yourself will regretly see it right?, as wounded as I will be. Do tell me what is it all that we are fighting for?. What is it that makes us to hate each other?.

Take my hands my friends, my brothers and my sisters; we’re just one big family meant from the start to live together. Let the broken angel still broken, but don’t take it as a consequence that we have to be broken as well. Let’s fix our future with your hands on me and so do mine. Let’s make the future which belongs to anyone of us. Let’s make it HAPPEN!.

=We are brothers and sisters in this world =

 


US Patent: Process for Producing Glucosamine and Acetyl Glucosamine by Microwave Technique

November 6th, 2012 | Food Processing Engineering, IPB | No comments

Inventors: Ho-Shing WU, Bo-Cheng Lin, Azis Boing Sitanggang

A process for producing glucosamine and acetyl glucosamine by using microwave technique, comprising following steps: (1) providing a chitin or chitosan source formed by a microorganism; (2) adding hydrochloric acid solution having concentration of 2N – 6N into said chitin or chitosan source to form a reaction solution; (3) placing said reaction solution in a microwave device and heating therein at power of 700 – 2100 Watt to carry out hydrolytic reaction such that chitin or chitosan is hydrolyzed into glucosamine or acetyl glucosamine.

Click!